W3 Info Tec
COMPUTING ACRONYMS & TERMS' SMORGASBORD

Copyright 1994-2003, Daniel Frankl, Ph.D.
A B C D E F G H
I J+K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X+Y+Z
S ALT Speech Application Language Tags [enable people to use speech to navigate and interact with the Web using PCs, notebooks, tablets, cell phones, and wireless PDAs] (Source: www.intel.com/home/trends/future/ Jan. 04, 2003.)
SALSA Simple Actor Language, System, and Architecture (An actor programming language, to support the specialized needs of mobile computing. Developed by Dr. Carlos Varela, and his colleagues at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Jan. 06, 2004).
S AM Security Account Manager (Win NT registry key that holds the user & group account database)
SANS System Administration Networking & Security
SAP Service Advertising Protocol
SCAM SCSI [Small Computer System Interface] Configuration Auto Magically
ScanDisk Typing "ScanDisk" at the C:>\ prompt in Windows (DOS) loads a program that can discover and fix minor file & disk damage. In addition, ScanDisk points out and isolates damaged sectors on your hard drive. Since most users are no longer (2003) DOS users the MS Windows ScanDisk function may be achieved by right clicking on the hard drive icon in "My Computer" (e.g., C:\ or D:\ etc. if you have slave drives) and from "Properties" select "Tools" and then check for errors or defragment your drive.
Scanner Image transmitting device that transforms text & photographs into digital format and stores it on the hard drive.
SCC Screen Color Calibration (Feature available in WINTURBO that yields acceptable color tone variances between the real color value and the actual color displayed by the monitor. This feature becomes very practical at 24 bpp applications that require a true color representation).
SCCS Sourse Code Control System (Feature available in WINTURBO
SCM Software Configuration Management system
Screen
Saver
Graphics software that creates dynamic images on the monitor's screen if no key or mouse action occured for a specified period of time. A static image that is left on the screen for an excessively long time can burn itself into the monitor phosphors and cause irreversible damage.
Scripting
Support
Scripting languages, such as, Perl [Practical Extraction and Recording Language] and ASP [Active Server Pages] that are supported by the server that hosts a web page.
SCSI Small Computer System Interface (Very fast and versatile Hook-up for HD or CD ROM, pronounced "skazee"; also see IDE [Integrated Drive Electronics] & EIDE [Extended IDE]).
SDDE Spyglass Dynamic Data Exchange
SDE Spatial Database Engine (function for working with computerized geographic data)
SDK Software Development Kit (MS Games SDK; also see WinG)
SDMI Secure Digital Music Initiative consortium
SED Secure Encryption Device (Device that enables the safe transfer of funds through credit & debit cards over regular telephone lines.)
SED Surface-conduction Emitter Display
Serifs Tiny extensions at the edges of straight lines that compose a character. The letter F, e.g., is composed of three strokes and four serifs. A typeface composed of consistent strokes with no serifs added is labeled as "Sans (without in French) serif."
SET Secure Electronic Transaction protocol (an emerging standard for commercial online transactions)
SFF Small Forms Factors (Commission that oversees the standardization of where, for example, should hard drive makers put screw holes and connectors in drives)
SGFS Special Group on Functional Standardization
SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language (focuses on the logical elements rather than the actual ones in a document; SGML's standard building blocks paved the way to the development of HTML [Hyper Text Markup Language]
Shading The process of adding color to underlying polygons (also see Texture mapping)
Shareware A computer program that you can try for free before deciding to purchase it; also see Freeware.
S-HTTP Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (supported by Netscape browsers)
SIC Standard Industrial Classification (code by which type of business may be identified)
SID Security ID (Identification)
SIDF System Independent Data Format
SIMMs Single In-line Memory Modules (Small circuit boards that contain the actual RAM [Random Access Memory] chips; also see DIP [Dual In-Line Packages] & SIP [Single In-Line Packages]).
SIN Serial In (serial port connector)
SIP Single In-Line Packages
SIRC/CDS Sport Information Resource Center/Centre de Documentation pour le Sport (The Canadian Sport Discuss--A world of sport information...)
SLIC Subscriber LIne Charge (together with PICC [Presubscribed Interchange Carrier Charge] make up the additional monthly charges for one ($4.54) or two ($13.00) home telephone lines).
SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol (A protocol that allows a computer to use TCP/IP [Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol] over a telephone line or other serial communication device.
SMB System Management Bus
SMPTE Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SMS (1) Storage Management Services
(2) Systems Management Server (distribution tool for the administering of large 1,000+ users network by Microsoft)
SNA Switched Network Architecture
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol (interface to help menage ADSL [Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line] devices)
S/N
ratio
Signal-to-Noise ratio in decibels (noise generated by board circuity vs. maximum undistorted output). The larger the number, the better (quieter) the board (a score below 75 dBr is unacceptable).
SOHO Small-Office/Home-Office
SOM System Object Model support
Sound
Card
A circuit board installed inside a computer to add sound capabilities to the system (8 bit, 16 bit [the general standard for 1995-97] & 32 bit [standard for 1997-99] and 64 bit for digital music professionals).
SOUT Serial Out (serial port connection)
Spam Describes the abnoxious practice of posting the same message or ad on numerous unrelated newsgroups' bulletin boards (originated from the Monty Python Spam skit-- "spam, spam, spam, spam, eggs and spam..")
SPDIF Sony-Phillips Digital Interface Format
Speech
Synthe-
sizer
A device that allows the computer to produce spoken words, either by putting together prerecorded words, or by having the computer actually produce the sounds that make up spoken words.
SPOOL Simultaneous Peripheral Operations On-Line (LAN [Local Area Network]).
SQL Structured Query Language (syntax used in a wide variety of software applications' code that allows the manipulation and extraction of data from a data base).
SRAM Static Random Access Memory
SSC Shared Services Center (Information services group)
SSD Intel's Super Computer System Division
SSDBA Social Science DataBase Archive; (also see ICPSR [Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research ] and SSRIC [Social Science Research and Instructional Council )
SSI Secure Sockets Include directive that is used when a web page file extension is "SHTML" as compared to the static "HTM" and "HTML" file extensions
SSL Server Side Layer (Netscape supported security protocol)
SSRP Simple Server Redundancy Protocol
SSTP Student Scholar Training Program (CSLA)
Star
Network
A network topology that consists of a host computer or a file server that is connected to several small computers or devices (e.g., printer). The central unit in a star network controls all connected PCs and devices by polling or by soliciting requests and in turn allowing information flow from and to the PCs and devices.
STP Secure Transaction Protocol
String
Expression
Any expression that evaluates to a sequence of contiguous (adjacent) characters. Elements of the expression may include a function that returns a string, a string literal, a string constant, or a string variable.
Strokes Single lines that when combined create a type character. The letter "A," for example, may be constructed of three or more strokes.
SUA Single User Account
Super CD CD [Compact Disk 5 GB standard developed by Toshiba.
SVD Simultaneous Voice & Data (concurrent transfer of talk and data through a modem's single connection)
SVGA Super Video Graphics Array or Super Vector Graphics Adapter (PC monitor display standard that allows resolution above 640 by 480 pixels and up to 16.2 million colors).
Swap
File
Virtual memory is set aside by Windows on the HD [Hard Drive) for short-term memory storage needs. When RAM [Random Access Memory] is insufficient to contain the application loaded from the HD, portions of the program are stored in virtual memory or swap files.
SWE Scholar's Workstation Environment (aging interface to the CSLA network and its resources).
SWE-DOS Scholar's Workstation Environment for the MS Disk Operating System (CSLA phased out...)
SWE-WIN Scholar's Workstation Environment for the MS Windows (CSLA)
Sync-
Burst
RAM
Also called "pipline burst cache memory" SyncBurst RAM is an extremely fast secondary cache memory (developed by Micron and used by Intel on the 1995-96 Pentium CPUs).
.SYS SYStem (Device driver -- DOS [Disk Operating System] file extension that opens communication channels between the PC & hardware services, e.g., CONFIG.SYS).

Back to top


Kids First Soccer || HOME

Comments, corrections, additions, and questions are welcome:
e-mail to Daniel Frankl

Page updated: May 03, 2004