W3 Info Tec
COMPUTING ACRONYMS & TERMS' SMORGASBORD

Copyright 1994-2003, Daniel Frankl, Ph.D.

A B C D E F G H
I J+K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X+Y+Z

F AC File Access Code (a pass word needed in order to open a file)
FAN Family Area Network (I would suggest HAN for Household Area Networking--connecting several PCs within one household and taking advantage of the fastest and best equipped system (also see LAN [Local Area Network]).
FAP File Access Protocol
.FAQ Frequently Asked Questions (extension of Internet file that lists frequently asked questions regarding most news groups. New comers are urged to read the FAQs prior to posting messages; also see LFAQs & NSFAQBTIWTS).
FAT File Allocation Table (keeps a record of the clusters (16 or 32) used by the file).
FAT 32 File Allocation Table 32 bit (A system that partitions a hard drive into segments or clusters but, unlike its predecessor FAT 16, can handle hard drives that are larger than 2.0 GB and can store data in smaller clusters, i.e., 4 K versus 32 K. A FAT 32 system is more efficient that a FAT 16 and thus creates more functional space in a hard drive.)
FCC Federal Communications Commission (oversees the business --class A--and the domestic class B--standard for computer operation license).
FCC: File Carbon Copy (e-mail [electronic mail] header)
FDC Floppy Disk Controllers (integrate the functions of the Digital Separator, the Formatter/Controller interface, the Write Precompensation and Data Rate circuity on floppy disks).
FD Full Duplex
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDVV Multimedia Voice Modem (FDVV14I)
FED Field Emission Display Panel (Electro-luminiscent technology that like CRTs [Cathode Ray Tube] achieves direct pixel control which is generated by hundreds of minuscule electron emitters that activate a front layer of phosphors on a very thin panel).
FHSS Frequency Hopping Standard Specification (specification for splitting bandwidth; also see DSSS [Direct Sequencing Standard Specification])
file A computer generate record, such as a text or graphics document, that may be comprised of a variety of information formats, to include, text, pictures, sound, motion picture or any combination of the above.
File-
name
Name or title assigned to a record saved on a floppy or hard drive.
File-
name
exten-
sion
Appendix, up to three characters long, describing a file format, such as, wpd, txt, gif, avi, wav, etc... (DOS & Win 3.x, Win 95, 98 & Win NT)
File
Server
A device (server software) that delivers requested files through the Net
File
Site
An Internet location (server/PC) that stores files which Internet users may down-load freely.
Finger Unix based application designed to perform an Internet information search
Fire-
wall
A combination of hardware and software that work as a "gate" to a LAN's data base
FITSC Faculty Instructional Technology Support Center (CSLA)
Flamed An individual that violated the rules of netiquette in cyberspace may receive nasty or insulting message in return or "get flamed."
Flame War Nasty verbal (written) exchanges among members of an Internet discussion group. (Do not waste your time with fanatics. Since as Winston Churchill observed, "[they] can't change their mind and they won't change the subject").
FLASH Fast Look-up Algorithm for Structural Homology (A biotech project by IBM that explores new drugs or killer genes)
FLOPS Floating Point Operations Per Second (Math co-processor)
FMnt Font Maintenance Library (also see UFL [Universal Font Library])
FM
Synthesis
A digital approximate reproduction of musical instrument sounds
FM
Syn-
thesizer
Chip on sound cards used for the production of FM MIDI sounds.
Font A specific typeface design that is consistent across all the characters in its group (letters, punctuation marks, numbers etc...as well as relative size). Computer generated font size is defined as a very close approximation of a fraction of 72 (X/72) of one inch. Thus, a 36-point type and a 12-point type would be 36/72 and 12/72 inches in size or inch and 1/6 inch in respective sizes.
Forms On-line electronic forms (used for software registration, order of merchandise, etc...through the Internet)
FORTRAN Formula Translator (computer Programming Language)
.fot Font file extension
FPC Floating Point Calculation
FPNW File and Print Services for NetWare
FPU Floating-Point Unit (built-in Math coprocessor--produces faster graphics & spreadsheet performance)
FRA Fixed Radio Access architecture
FRAD Frame Relay Access Devices (digital access to voice and data applications)
Frame
Buffer
A standard VGA video board that contains no video acceleration functions and that is controlled entirely by the host processor (also see Controller and 32-Bit Coprocessor)
Freeware Similar to shareware in that it may be copied and/or distributed freely. Typically, freeware is copyrighted, and thus may not be modified or reproduced for profit without prior approval of the original copyright holder.
Frequency A value expressed in Hertz (Hz) units that represents sound wave self-repetitions per second.
.frm Form file extension (e.g., Visual Basic or VB)
FRPCRS Forum on Risk to the Public in Computers & Related Systems
.frx Binary data file extension
FSCA Federal Software Coalition's Anonymous (phone line to call and report software pirates)
FSF Free Software Foundation
FSR Free System Resources [GetFreeSystemResources()]
FST Flat-Square Cathode Ray Tube (flat-square and vertically flat cathodes in monitors; also see CRT [Cathode Ray Tube]).
FTP File Transfer Protocol (protocol used for moving information such as, text, graphics, and or software from PC to PC)
FTP
mail
Transfer of FTP [File Transfer Protocol] files through the use of e-mail
FUD Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt (IBM initiated and Microsift adopted the strategy of putting down rival technologies by seeding doubts in potential customers of a competitor's product).
Full
Duplex
Simultaneous transmission of data over the same line (also see Half-Duplex).
FWIW For What it's Worth (E-mail acronym)
FX Special Effects (e.g., the F/X Power Tool--a special effects program for multimedia presentations).
FYI For Your Information (e-mail correspondence acronym)


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e-mail to Daniel Frankl

Page updated: Jan. 04, 2003