COMPUTING ACRONYMS & TERMS' SMORGASBORD
Copyright © 1994-2003, Daniel Frankl, Ph.D.
The predecessor to the C & C++ programming
languages ( also see BASIC [Beginner's All
Symbolic Instruction Code]).
The principal pathway for high speed connections within a network.
Small network systems have small backbones while large networks have
BackWeb Authoring Language
Interface (a graphical tool for developing content and scripting it
in BackWeb proprietary scripting language)
|bandwidth||The capacity to transfer information
through the wires and pathways that connect everyone to the Internet.
In a monitor, bandwidth (reported in megahertz)
represents the range between the highest and lowest frequencies a monitor
can handle. The term "wasted bandwidth" depicts useless
information "hogging" a discussion group's line. The classification of
"useless information," however, lies in the eye of the beholder.
Photoelectric scanner that reads the bar codes (black and white stripes printed on a small
rectangle label) on products in the supermarket and/or large department stores.
Bay Area Research
Network (one of the fastest and most sophisticated in the US)
basic file Extension (code for VB
[Visual Basic] MS-WIN Programming
Beginner's All Symbolic
Also called General-Purpose Applications since they constitute the most common
software programs in use. Examples are word processors, presentation software, browsers,
e-mail programs, graphics design and editing software etc...
Batch (MS DOS extension
file that contains DOS commands)
Data transfer rate represented as signal elements per second
(2600, 9600, 14.4, 28.8 56, 128 etc...) through modem. The baud rate and
bps (bits per second) are not analogous since
one signal element is capable of representing one or more bits.
electronic Bulletin Board
Systems (electronic virtual space where individuals can exchange
information, such as, leave messages, or down-load files to their PC)
Binary-Coded Decimal (a weighted code – 8421 BCD, that allows a binary encoding of decimal numbers that may be easily converted back to the original decimal value)
Bold Data Systems
Software that may be utilized to test a
PC's overall and specific component performance.
File extension (BIF files contain
applications' settings information).
A counting system that utilizes only zeros and ones. Computers store
and process information in a binary (0, 1) format. Each 0 or 1 represents one bit which
in effect is a representation of an "off" or "on" state of an electronic current. A group of
eight bits forms one byte. For example, the letter "Z" is represented in ASCII
[American Standard Code for Information Interchange]
as 0101 1010 and in EBCDIC [Extended Binary Coded Decimal
Interchange Code] as 1110 1001.
|BIOS||Basic Input/Output (I/O) System (Machine language commands that reside in a special memory location that tell the computer how to transfer data within itself. The BIOS copies DOS files into DOS RAM and thus enables DOS to start operating the system).|
|BISYNC||Bisynrchronous (technology that allows simultaneous data transition between PCs).|
|Bit||Short for binary digit, it's the smallest unit of information handled by a computer. A bit is either represented as a 0 or a 1. A group of bits form larger units of information (e.g., four bits equal a nibble or one half of a character). Eight bits equal one byte, which in turn make up one character such as a number or letter.|
is the procedure of copying, combining and reshaping bitmaps ("Moving a
playing card in the standard Microsoft Windows game Solitaire is known as
a memory-to-screen ... BitBlt"). [PC MAGAZINE, July 1994, p. 177]
An image made up of pixels (tiny dots) on the monitor's
screen that is stored as a collection of bits. It may also
be described as a map of the display pixels that make a picture. Each pixel
is represented by single or many bits.
Computer generated pictures composed of pixels (tiny dots) put
together to form an image.
Because It's Time
Network (Bitnet is not based on the Internet's
TCP/IP [Transmission Control
Protocol & Internet Protocol]
Protocols and thus, is not considered a part of the Internet. Users of Bitnet
can send & retrieve e-mail [electronic
mail] over the Internet).
Bubble Jet printer color
Binary Large Objects
bitmap graphic files
(.bmp Windows Bitmaps graphics file extension;
also see Bitmapped images).
Web-based application that analyzes the level of web site ease of access and navigation for individuals with disabilities
In an e-mail, the message itself is called the "body" in contrast with
the signature or the header of a
Turning on or resetting the computer. The word "booting" originated
from the concept of first pulling on boots before doing anything else
in the morning. Turning on the computer is a cold boot. Hitting the
CTRL-ALT-DEL keys at the same time is a warm boot,
which is done while the computer is on. Any data entered since the last
boot or saving, not permanently saved prior to a warm boot, will be lost.
Bootstrap Protocol (a protocol that
assigns a PC its permanent IP [Internet
Protocol] address from a server).
Bots (also called agents and spiders) are programs
designed to constantly search the Net for new information in order to update search
Bits per second
(rate of information transfer through a modem; bps values are compatible
with baud rates only up to 300 bps).
Basic Rate ISDN
[Integrated Services Digital
|Broadband width ranges between 56 kbps to 30 gbps. It
includes coaxial cable, fiber-optic, microwave, and satelite channels.
Software, such as, NetScape or MS Explorer, that allows its user to
"browse," or explore the World Wide Web or a local Intranet. Browsers
interpret the HTML and other tags and codes into the visual effects
that end up on your monitor.
Berkeley Software Design,
Inc. Internet server (1-800-800-4273)
Faulty code line or definition in a program that creates errors in
running the application.
Channel available on a PC (Wire systems inside your
PC that provide channels of information interchange among the various PC
devices, such as, hard drive, CD-ROM, Sound Card, Modem, etc.). Also called
bus line or data bus.
One common cable that connects a number of small computers. Unlike star
networks, bus networks are not linked to a host computer
or a file server. Thus, each device connected to the network bus is checking
independently whether information traveling along the bus line is intended
Battery (A CMOS
[Completely Metal Oxide
Silicon] battery, for example, is powered by a 3.6 volts
Built to Order
By The Way
(E-mail acronym to speed up electronic mail message
|byte||A string of 8 or 10 Bits that represent one character, such as, a letter or number. Both computer memory and storage capacity are expressed in byte units, e.g., Kilobytes, Megabytes, Gigabytes,... Terabytes...etc.|
Comments, corrections, additions, and questions are welcome:
Page updated: Jan. 02, 2003